Clinical depression is one of the most severe forms of depression. It is also known as major depression or major depressive disorder. Depression is a serious medical illness that negatively affects how you feel, think, and act. Major depressive disorder causes feelings of sadness. Possibly a loss of interest in daily activities, and activities that used to cause joy. For more information about depression-types, follow the link.
Clinical depression must be present for at least two weeks or longer for it to be a symptom for a diagnosis. It is important to note that only a doctor may give a medical diagnosis. Additionally, the use of the word “depression” or “feeling depressed” has been adopted to mean “sad” and “feeling extremely down”. For more information about depression and
Who is at Risk?
Anyone. There are certain factors that can increase your likely chances of developing depression.
Known Contributing Factors:
- Biological Factors: Differences in certain chemicals in the brain may contribute to symptoms of depression. Depression can run in families, this does not mean that if your parent had it, you necessarily will. To clarify, this just means you are at a higher risk of vulnerability than others.
- Stress: Psychological and environmental stressors may contribute to an episode of depression. Among young adults and college students things like social isolation, academic demands, financial responsibilities, and difficult romantic relationships.
- Psychological tendencies: A person’s psychological make-up can play a huge role in how vulnerable the individual is to depression. An example would be low self-esteem or those with readily overwhelmed by stress are prone to depression.
- Alcohol or Other Drug Use: Research has shown that young adults who are depressed turn to drugs and alcohol. Whether the substance abuse came first or depression, both have been linked together. It is important to get treatment quickly. As complications may arise from both substance abuse and depression. Such as serious health complications and even death.
- Feeling sad or being in a depressed mood
- Loss of interest and or pleasure in activities
- Changes in appetite
- Increased fatigue
- Slowed movements and speech
- An increase in aimless physical activities (pacing)
- An increase in feelings of worthlessness or guilt
- Difficulty concentrating
- Difficulty in making decisions
- Thoughts of self harm
- Thoughts of death or suicide
Depression is one of the most treatable types of mental disorders. The treatments available today include:
- Medication such as antidepressants
- Psychotherapy (talk therapy, cognitive-behavioral therapy (CBT), interpersonal therapy (IPT)
- Problem-solving therapy
- A combination of both medication and psychotherapy
- Electroconvulsive therapy (ECT)
- Other brain stimulation therapies are also being explored as treatment options.
For more information about what treatment options Embracia Clinic offers or for setting up a consultation with our medical staff, follow the link!